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In that regard, 1900 was really an exception; when I did The Spider’s Stratagem, we had no generator at all! Vittorio Storaro, ASC, AIC: Actually, I initially refused to shoot the picture, because I didn't want to interfere in the relationship between Francis and Gordon Willis [ASC]. Burum: Exactly. Storaro: This new version is being supervised by the film’s sound editor, Walter Murch, and it will have 55 minutes of footage that was cut from the original picture. Storaro: It took nine nights to shoot that scene, and we set up about 10 cameras — a VistaVision camera, an infrared camera, a high-speed camera and normal cameras. For the first two weeks of shooting, the dailies were being sent to Technicolor Rome, which was just what I wanted. The same idea applied to the sequence at the Do Lung Bridge. When I told Ernesto I wasn’t happy with the blacks, he reminded me of an incident that had occurred several years earlier, during the filming of 1900. Before we began shooting, I had constant nightmares that someone was going to get hurt. You also have to think things through really carefully. Ironically enough, around the same day that [Apocalypse co-producer} Fred Roos came to Rome to speak with me about the picture, I met with Alejandro Jodorowsky; he was planning to direct Dune, and he offered me the chance to shoot it. Back in those days, the Italian film industry didn’t have much money, so we did everything with very low budgets. When I arrived in the Philippines, he wanted to show me some color sketches of the helicopter attack sequence — Francis had actually filmed these sketches in CinemaScope and edited them together with music, and he showed me this footage on a big screen! Stephen Pizzello: Vittorio, before I turn the floor over to Mr. Burum, I'd like to ask you how you got the assignment to shoot Apocalypse Now, which was your first collaboration with Francis Coppola. He had me look at some images from Cadavari eccellenti [1976, a.k.a. He stays in his apartment, alone and isolated and drinks excessively and appears to be having difficulty adjusting to life in the rear-area. Storaro: Well, I had several problems in that regard. Going back to my meeting about Dune with Alejandro Jodorowsky, I remember that the tone of it was quite cold. I developed a really strong relationship with Henryk Chroscicki, who unfortunately died last spring. What Will It Take to Stop Woody Allen’s Career? Vittorio Storaro: That sequence at the Do Lung Bridge really demonstrates the main photographic concept for Apocalypse Now, which sprang directly from this idea I mentioned of one culture superimposing itself on another. Storaro: We shot the film with Mitchell reflex cameras, which were modified by [the Italian company] Technovision to accept Cooke Hobson Taylor anamorphic lenses from England. Vittorio then said to me, “I want you to watch me shoot two scenes before you do anything.” So first, I watched Vittorio shoot [the military briefing] involving Martin Sheen, G.D. Spradlin, Harrison Ford and Jerry Ziesmer. I'd gone to school [at UCLA] with Francis, so I understood how he thought, but I didn’t yet understand how Vittorio thought, and it was very interesting to observe the way in which he used the light. Black represented the unconscious, particularly in the sequences where we discover the true meaning of Kurtz; we were trying to show some portions of the truth emerging from the depths of the unconscious. Joe also warned us, “Keep under cover, because once the blast goes off it’s gonna be raining snakes.” And it was! Well, the flares didn't work, because the air was so humid that they wouldn't even burn. But when I spoke with Gordon about it, he assured me that he was not a part of the project, even though there was nothing wrong between him and Francis. Finally, we attached these cables to both heavy-duty tractors and the set, and when the explosion happened we just pulled the temple down. He was born on June 24, 1940 in Rome, where his … Who do you want to deal with there?” Francis was very nervous, because he wanted to see dailies sooner than one week afterwards. Burum: Don’t you think that in some ways you have more of an impact on the audience when you work with limited technical resources? That way of working costs the film industry a lot of money, and it drains the quality of the filmmaking. By doing that, he made the black in the corner look better, because he had that bright reference in the frame. Also participating in the discussion were cinematographers John Bailey, ASC and Dante Spinotti, ASC, AIC, as well as AC associate editor Doug Bankston. On some pictures, they don’t even print dailies anymore, so editors can’t even double-check footage on the big screen to make sure that the cuts, the rhythms or the emotions are right. Burum: I’ll be glad to see that footage back in the film — especially the key sequence in which the soldiers get off the boat and stumble across a French plantation, where they have dinner with the people who live there. Burum: That temple was well-built, too. Tem um grande modelo para a fotografia dos seus filmes, o pintor também italiano Caravaggio. All of the camera operators and effects guys were communicating with walkie-talkies, and I can still remember hearing the explosions going off in my ears. Master cinematographer Vittorio Storaro shooting a fast dolly out shot for the opening action sequences of Apocalypse Now (1979) Image. When the ripple broke the surface of the water, it symbolized man disturbing the natural environment. Then I watched the filming of the picture’s opening sequence in the hotel room, when Willard is horribly drunk. Every country that has ever conquered another country — whether you’re talking about Egypt, Italy, Spain, France, England or the United States — has always … But if you watch the scene, during the huge pan above the bridge, you can see only the silhouette of the two main characters against this explosion beyond them. The physical action of Tarzan in Hogarth’s art was unbelievably dynamic, and every color in the drawings was so strong and saturated that the overall impact became very surrealistic. When we first attempted those shots, it simply wouldn’t go down! If you’d shown the whole jungle, it wouldn’t have been as effective. The scene plays right before the crew members meet Kilgore. (born 24 June 1940 in Rome) is an Italian cinematographer widely recognized for his work on numerous classic films including The Conformist, Apocalypse Now, and The Last Emperor. During the dinner, the French tell the Americans, “We’re not afraid of the Vietcong. In case our plan is no good? I think Hogarth was very aware of an Italian style of painting known as Futurism, which is exemplified by the work of Giacomo Balla and Umberto Boccioni. Vittorio Storaro, the award-winning cinematographer who won Oscars for "Apocalypse Now (1979)", "Reds (1981)" and "The Last Emperor (1987)". For example, when I was shooting The Outsiders and Rumble Fish, he’d show me the scene and ask, “What do you want to do?” I’d tell him, “Well, we should do this, this and this.” If he liked what I said, he’d reply, “Okay, where do you want to start?” If he didn’t like what I was saying, he’d tell me some allegorical story! Willard has returned to Saigon from deployment in the field. They have a very small screen in front of them, and it’s very hard to see an emotion from an actor, or a particular action. The first time I saw that we would be using colored smoke to convey specific military messages, I thought it was wonderful, because when these artificial colors were placed next to the natural colors of Vietnam, it created that sense of conflict that I wanted. Storaro’s philosophical approach to the picture incorporated the careful use of deeply saturated colors, silhouettes and artificial light sources that selectively pierced the darkness of the story’s jungle settings. I wasn’t happy with the contrast of the new stock, and when I did some tests in Rome with Ernesto Novelli, we decided to flash the negative of Apocalypse Now. Burum: While I was shooting pass-bys on the patrol boat, Vittorio said to me, “We should see nature before we see man.” I would therefore compose those shots so that the boat was hidden in silhouette, and the first thing you saw was the wake of the boat — this little silver ripple. Storaro won Oscars for "Apocalypse Now," "Reds" and "The Last Emperor". Storaro: No doubt. I love Frank Herbert's book, and at that time I thought Apocalypse Now was just another war picture. We’ll do it.” I walked out of that office, down those stairs, and back to my hotel, and all the way I was thinking to myself, “This is going to be great.” Then all of a sudden, I began asking myself, “What is perfect? Sometimes, I have to fight with the director or the editor if they push me to get coverage “just in case.” In case of what? Interview by Stephen Burum, ASC and Stephen Pizzello. Vittorio Storaro, the award-winning cinematographer who won Oscars for ". Alternately a brilliant and bizarre film, Francis Coppola's four year 'work in progress' offers the definitive validation to the old saw, "war is hell." In the original film, the PBR Street Gang crew members relax and play around, listening to the Rolling Stones' "(I Can't Get No) Satisfaction" while Willard first looks at the dossier. The result was an immersive experience that took viewers on a surrealistic and hallucinatory upriver journey through an array of wartime horrors. In the course of over fifty years, he has collaborated with directors such as Bernardo Bertolucci, Francis Ford Coppola, Warren Beatty, and Woody Allen. When I asked him who was going to direct those scenes, he said, “You will.” I suggested that maybe [director] Carroll Ballard should supervise the scenes with me shooting them, but Francis replied, “Carol told me that you should do it.” [Laughs.]. Nel 2001 è stata pubblicata la versione restaurata e allungata di 47 minuti, con un nuovo montaggio e con l'inserimento di materiale scartato all'epoca della versione originale; questo materiale aggiunge un intero capitolo all'opera, storicizza il contesto e, infine, cambia leggermente il finale del 1979. He represents the dark side of the United States, which is why black is such an important color in the film. I kept asking Joe where we should put the crew members and the cameras to keep them safe, and at first, he couldn’t say for sure — the temple was built out of real stone, and he was planning to use real dynamite to blow it all up! I was so ticked off when that was cut out of the picture, because it really addressed the central philosophical concept that Vittorio mentioned earlier — one culture imposing itself upon another. Vittorio Storaro e Apocalypse Now - YouTube [Laughs.] When I did Scandal  just before Apocalypse Now, Kodak Italy told me, “You have to use the new stock, because there’s none of the old stock left.” I therefore refused to buy the film in Rome, and we called Kodak in Rochester, New York. Pizzello: Was your use of dramatic silhouettes in the film also inspired by comic-book art? Later, in Rome, I told Ernesto that I was unhappy with the blacks in the film, because black was one of the most important colors in terms of the visual strategy. [Hearty laughter around the table.]. Larry Fishburne is dancing to the Rolling Stones song “Satisfaction” on the radio, and Sam Bottoms is surfing behind the boat. From Wings to Parasite, here's a look back at all of the Best Picture Oscar winners in the history of the ceremony. He was born on June 24, 1940 in Rome, where his father was a projectionist at the Lux Film Studio. Pizzello: Why was the temple set built with real stone? We would only show certain things amid all of the darkness, and we would reveal different pieces of the puzzle as we went further up the river. Storaro: On any picture, when you meet the director for the first time, you have to have a very strong connection in order to share a truly spiritual collaboration. The aspect ratio 2.0:1 was chosen by the cinematographer, Vittorio Storaro… While I couldn’t apply ENR to the first release prints of Apocalypse, I later used the process on Reds . According to Storaro. A must-see theatrical experience, but the first cut remains the one worth preserving. However, the second reason for doing the scene that way was that I wanted to create this intrusion of artificial light in the jungle — the incredible force of the light would serve to enhance the blackness of the Jungle. At the age of 11, he … “the look” of Apocalypse Now evolved day-by-day over 15 long months working in the Philippines. What do you remember about working on that sequence, Vittorio? I have complete trust in your expertise with the camera, so please feel free to do anything you think is correct. All of the air would be sucked away from you, and then this rush of hot air would come back at you. Master cinematographer Vittorio Storaro shooting a fast dolly out shot for the opening action sequences of Apocalypse Now (1979) Image. When I arrived to do Apocalypse Now, I brought just one thousand-amp generator, without any backup — that's how crazy I was! Vittorio’s solution was to really use the black areas [of the scene] and the highlights provided by the arc lights and Photofloods that we did use in the scene. He further enhanced the film's dramatic look by flashing the negative. At one point, we were shooting in Parma, Italy, and every day we were sending dailies to Ernesto in Rome; occasionally, he would visit me on the set so we could discuss things. But he took me aside and told me his concept for that scene, and every morning after that, he would tell me his main idea for that day’s work, usually addressing things on a metaphorical level. Apocalypse became my first picture outside of Italy with a foreign production company, because prior to meeting Francis, I’d never felt comfortable with any of the other foreign directors I’d met. The movie contains several newly added sequences and alterations to the original film: 1. To Italians in the year 1975, the topic of the Vietnam War was not that compelling, because it was so far away from us. On all of those pictures, I really had to work out the visual strategies with the director, because we couldn’t afford to do a master shot, an over-the-shoulder and then a close-up; that approach took too much time and money. People Francis Ford Coppola, Vittorio Storaro We were in this bar, preparing to shoot a scene that is no longer in the picture with Harvey Keitel, who was originally hired to play Martin Sheen’s part. Burum: The way Francis handles everyone on a set is worth discussing. Act now to receive 12 issues of the award-winning AC magazine — the world’s finest cinematography resource. However, the silhouettes were also inspired by the French naive painter Henri Rousseau. But at the same time, he was also very clear about the main concepts for the film. Burum: I do remember that when I got to the Philippines, there was a general feeling that Apocalypse was going to be a great picture. [Special-effects coordinator] Joe Lombardi was going to demonstrate those parachute flares; he was planning to shoot them into the air, for they would hang and light up a whole, huge area. From watching all of this activity on the sets, I immediately understood that the color black was very important to Vittorio. Apocalypse Now Redux Lo stesso argomento in dettaglio: Apocalypse Now Redux . He was born on June 24, 1940 in Rome, where his father was a projectionist at the Lux Film Studio. These are our people.” A big philosophical discussion ensues, during which the French essentially denounce the Americans as colonialists. What follows are some fascinating excerpts from a roundtable discussion held at the ASC Clubhouse, during which Storaro responded to questions posed by Stephen Burum, ASC, who supervised the second-unit cinematography on Apocalypse Now, and AC executive editor Stephen Pizzello. It was one of the best anamorphic lenses I’ve ever seen or used, and Francis eventually bought it. 756. ... Coppola's Apocalypse Now Redux was … They don’t know me, and they won’t know what to do.” Ernesto Novelli [of Technicolor Rome] had done The Spider’s Stratagem , The Conformist , Last Tango in Paris , 1900  and several other pictures with me, so he knew exactly what kind of look I wanted. 2. Vittorio Storaro, Cinematographer: Apocalypse Now. The first day of any shoot is when you really begin to discover your relationship with the director, and what your contribution will be. Because the Italian film industry was so poor at the time, we could not afford Panavision equipment, and the only serious company over there was Technovision. On that picture, we had used an original matrix dye-transfer system was the only way I could accomplish that strategy, and it looked wonderful. I was looking very carefully at what Vittorio was doing, because I knew I had to duplicate exactly what he was doing not only technically, but spiritually. Vittorio is probably most famous for his work on Apocalypse Now, a film that is almost legendary for it’s surprising and quite disturbing look at the human condition. But then Gray Frederickson, the co-producer, said to me, “We only have one airplane a week that can go to Rome, but we have two or three that can go to Los Angeles, so we’re going to have to do the dailies at Technicolor L.A. from now on. He would sometimes make a few little changes to our plan while we were shooting, but usually we wouldn’t deviate much from the initial plan we had worked out in the morning. This article was originally published in the February 2001 issue of AC. In that regard, Burne Hogarth was really my guide. I’ll tell you, when those explosions went off, they were so powerful they would lift you right off the ground. After I came back from the Apocalypse shoot, we did the first timing of the film in Los Angeles with Ernesto Novelli and Larry Rovetti supervising the work. It is 1969. Well, later on, when I was having my problems with the blacks on Apocalypse, he finally showed me an example of this new process he had developed. director. Coming from the industry in Los Angeles, I was used to having all of this equipment; we had more gadgets and tools than anybody else in the world. Storaro's first American film was Apocalypse Now, directed by Francis Ford Coppola. But from our very first meeting, Francis was so friendly that I felt as if I’d known him forever. See more ideas about cinematography, film stills, apocalypse. But Francis told me, “Read Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness, because I took some of the spirit of Apocalypse from that book.” When I read it, I understood that the main theme of the story was the superimposition of one culture on top of another culture. After a grueling 15-month shoot in the Philippines, Apocalypse Now was finally released on August 15, 1979. The film’s spectacular images earned Vittorio Storaro, ASC, AIC, his first Academy Award and cemented his reputation as one of the world's most brilliant and innovative cinematographers. That’s the worst thing you can do to the film industry, because you’re reducing everything to video quality. Storaro … May 25, 2013 - Explore Frederik Storm's board "Vittorio Storaro", followed by 579 people on Pinterest. I want to create a big show, something that’s magnificent to see. Also, around that time, Kodak had just introduced its new color negative stock . 75 comments. I became very fascinated with the images in Hogarth’s books, and I showed them to Francis during our early meetings. Pizzello: What were some of your visual influences for the film? Burum: I find it interesting that you were able to take those technical limitations and use them to create a distinctive visual style. I'd been doing that for about two years when I got a call from Fred Roos, who told me, “Francis wanted me to ask if you'd come to the Philippines to shoot second-unit footage for Apocalypse.” I'd been reading in the papers that the production had been shut down because the terrible typhoon had destroyed the sets, but I said, “Well, sure.” I went to an office at Samuel Goldwyn to talk to Francis, and he wanted to discuss the aerial footage. He also had this elaborate system of cutting pieces of paper or gels for the shades in order to block out the light coming toward the camera, and have as much of it as possible hitting the wall instead. To me, the whole project had an aura about it. To light that huge Playboy sequence from beyond the stage area was basically impossible, so instead I came up with the idea of using lights set up within the stage area. He told me that he had admired my work on The Conformist, and he never let me feel that I was out of place, or too young, or that I didn’t know enough English. In the hotel room, he had two arcs coming in through the windows and a little cluster of lights bouncing up on the ceiling to provide a bit of fill. 4 years ago. But once he was sure that I had come up with the best way to translate his concept onto film, he would give me total freedom to put together the entire sequence. Burum: Everybody tried to make a big deal out of that footage, but the only reason Francis included it in the 35mm prints was because Joe Lombardi got really upset when it was removed from the original cut. If you enjoy archival and retrospective articles on classic and influential films, you'll find more AC historical coverage here. Everywhere Americans go, they make a great show of things, and I want to create a conflict between beauty and horror.”. I also remember asking Joe Lombardi to create some explosions in spots where I needed some light. On the first day of Apocalypse, Francis gave me an anamorphic viewfinder with my name on it, and he had one of his own.
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